10 Common Skincare Ingredients & What They Do For Your Skin

10 Common Skincare Ingredients & What They Do For Your Skin

Over the course of the past year or so I have really taken an interest in skincare. My evening skincare routine is something I often look forward to and love testing out new products. I have also started to take an interest in the ingredients of my skincare. There are so many and the majority of them sound super scientific so it can be overwhelming and unclear as to how they benefit the skin. Today I thought I would talk you through 10 common skincare ingredients and briefly explain what they do for your skin.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is a natural occurring substance in our bodies that regulates cell renewal as well as maintaining the skin’s moisture and elasticity. When applied topically, hyaluronic acid creates a moisture barrier on the skin to make it both smoother and softer. Hyaluronic acid can hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water making it an ideal ingredient to look for if you have dry or dehydrated skin.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

Alpha hydroxy acids are commonly known as AHAs. They are fruit acids that are found in plants that work to remove dead and damaged skin cells by exfoliating the skin. Alpha hydroxy acids are ideal if you have dull skin or problems with texture as they work to give you soft, smooth skin that looks radiant at the same time.

Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)

Beta hydroxy acids, or BHAs, are commonly found in products designed to treat acne. The most commonly used beta hydroxy acid is salicylic acid, which I will talk about later on. If you have acne-prone skin beta hydroxy acids are great to have in your skincare regimen.

Glycolic Acid

Gycolic acid is a type of alpha hydroxy acid. It works to remove part of the outer dead layer of skin and unclog your pores. This acid smooths the skin and gives it a healthy looking glow. Again, if dull skin is a concern of yours, you’ll love glycolic acid.


Peptides are segments of active proteins that boost elasticity in the skin. They also work to produce collagen, reduce redness, and minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Peptides are commonly found in anti-aging skincare products and are great for those with aging skin or to use as a preventative measure for younger skin.


Retinol is an active form of the vitamin A molecule and targets a wide array of skincare problems, making it a must-have for nearly everybody. It is a powerful exfoliant that works to shed dead skin cells to reveal younger, healthier looking skin. It also increases the production of hyaluronic acid and collagen so you get smooth, hydrated skin.

Not only that, but retinol also helps improve firmness in the skin, reverse signs of sun damage, treat acne, reduce the appearance of dark circles, reduce hyper-pigmentation, and minimize the look of fine lines and wrinkles! There really is something for everyone when it comes to adding retinol into your skincare routine. One thing to note about using retinol is that it does make your skin more sensitive to the sun, so it is important to be using an SPF if you are using retinol in your skincare routine. You should be applying SPF anyway, but it is even more important when using retinol.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid that is commonly used to treat acne prone skin and diminish breakouts. The acid is a mild exfoliant that also helps to prevent the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. If you suffer from acne, salicylic acid is going to help tremendously.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that protects the skin from sun damage. It also helps to promote collagen production and reduce discolouration in the skin.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant that prevents the skin from free radical damage as well as from environmental damage. It offers excellent healing properties and makes a really great moisturizer. If you have any scarring or dry skin, vitamin E is a great ingredient to look for.


Ceramides are a type of fat that help the skin retain moisture better. This is another really great ingredient to look out for if you’re dealing with dry skin.

So there are some of the most common skincare ingredients and how they can benefit your skin. Leave me a comment down below if there are other ingredients you are curious about as I would be happy to do another post with more common skincare ingredients!